As July glides into August, let’s look at the other plosives. This week the /t/ and the /d/, and the /k/ and the /g/. Once again, we have to be aware of giving, or not giving them a voice. /t/ has no voice as in the word ‘town’, /taʊn/. On the other hand, /d/ has a voice, as in the word ‘down’ /daʊn/. Your tongue should be somewhere behind your top teeth, waiting to flick down for both these sounds with your lips slightly apart.  With /t/ it flicks down to release just air, and with /d/ it flicks down to release your voice. With the /k/ your tongue is blocking the escape of air by pressing against the back of the roof of your mouth. The pressure builds up behind the tongue so that when the tongue is released the air explodes. ‘kill’ /kɪl/ coal, /kəʊl/, curl. /kɜːl/ . With the /g/, it’s the same idea, although it’s air + voice building up behind the tongue. When it’s released the voice explodes out of your slightly parted lips, ‘gil’, /gɪl/, ‘goal’/gəʊl/, girl, /gɜːl/. Things are still buzzing here at ETC. /iː/ /tiː/ /siː/  Next time, we’ll look at the sounds which require ‘friction’, the ‘fricatives’. J